After the catastrophic earthquake of magnitude 7.8 hit Nepal with the epicenter Barpark, there have been tremendous loses of wealth and life. It has become very difficult task to bring up the situation under the normal condition. With enormous expectation of the public toward the government and existing political deeds has gradually decreased the attention toward the reconstruction phase. There might be some of the approach from the private and individual basis but there are no major plans and strategies that have been forwarded till date from the government. There are no major works that has been paced up in this crucial period and even the reconstruction committee is dissolved which has left the negative impression to the victims. There are no major works that has proceeded for the construction and planning deeds which not only have kept the victims under dilemma but also they are really timid with these deeds.
Barpark itself is a good instance for this, as being the epicenter of this catastrophic earthquake, the destruction in the village of Gorkha called “BARPARK” is ample and to restore the peace and bring back the situation to normal condition is really difficult. All most all the infrastructure is destroyed by the earthquake and the rebuilding of this place had to be in rapid pace which has not been commenced till date. The hidden image of Barpark came into picture after earthquake in world arena. Much of the media attention was dragged at the time and many experts visited the places but still the place is waiting for the experts who act more than acting through word. The destruction of roadway to the barpark from landslides has added challenge to reach the place and people are struggling for basic needs.
Many public have been displaced from their own place to the free space of others land and they are in confusion as till when they should be there. Many public have also paced up their construction of Permanent residence overlooking the latest engineering trends for the construction. Normally the practices of construction in the area reflected the old construction trends which had killed many people and destroyed many assets. Many public have commenced to build their permanent building and there is no any technical assistance from anyone. Observing the overall construction deeds of those people reflected that it’s not the earthquake which has killed many people and washed away their assets but it’s due to non-engineering trends of construction. We could see most of the structures are built up from the stone and wood as its locally available materials. The construction of stone walls are seen without any use of bonding material, it’s like the piling of the stones without use of any motar or clay motar. The practice of construction of outer and inner wall with these techniques could be seen till 9feet. In the roofing also lying of the stones are done to make temperature resistance roofing. The laying techniques of roof showed that there are been enormous destruction due to these techniques. There are some of the RCC structures with 9*9 inch pillar and to those structures , there has been minimum destruction and all most all the stone houses has been collapsed.
The worrying scenario of the place is, people have commenced to reconstruct their house adapting old techniques which can push them to the harsh situation any time. Many mason people are unaware about the latest trends and there has been no any trainings, workshops arranged for them till date from experts and they are unaware about any techniques. It must be clear that we can have this kind of construction with litter improvement which can improvise the earthquake response of the structure. If they can construct the houses with at least using any boding material during wall construction such as clay motar or cement motar, use of correct technique for corners reinforcement with the use of long size stones and their interlocking, use of locking woods after certain height in the corner parts, use of lintel bands if possible, proper placement of windows and doors, proper interlocking techniques for roofing, reinforcement of walls with the mesh reinforcement or even the wood reinforcement etc can be very simple and innovative ways to improve performance of the structure. If possible the use of RCC structure with innovative architectural plans can be convenient else the construction of simple load bearing structure (Non RCC Structure) with use of local material and innovative earthquake resistance techniques can also be given more focused for improving the performance of the building. The use of local material for flexible construction deeds which can have sustainable impact and in an economical approach can be the best alternative for the reconstruction deeds.
Maximum mobilization of local manpower through trainings, workshops, lectures and model preparation can help to rebuild the places in rapid and effective pace. The government should have the plans to mobilize the local manpower, integrate local architectural planning and use of local material for sustainable development must be a priority. The connecting links such as roadway, communication ways and electricity flexibility must be a first priority and the planning of the village must be forwarded. The clear decision about the strategies must be forward to the victims which can help them to make their mind setup. The approach that government takes up must be a revolution one where one learns and he teaches to other. The feasibility study before taking up any action must be carried on and reconstruction plans must be paced up soon.
Note- Writer is a Research Civil Engineer and project based on Buildcamp of storycycle
The Article is Published in Republica, The Week, 9/10/2015